Jan 16 – 20, 2023
IMT
Europe/Paris timezone

David Krejcirik: Is the optimal rectangle a square?

Jan 16, 2023, 5:00 PM
55m
Amphithéâtre Schwartz (IMT)

Amphithéâtre Schwartz

IMT

Université Paul Sabatier, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31000 Toulouse France

Description

We give a light talk on an optimality of a square in geometry and physics. First, we recollect classical geometric results that the square has the largest area (respectively, the smallest perimeter) among all rectangles of a given perimeter (respectively, area). Second, we recall that the square drum has the lowest fundamental tone among all rectangular drums of a given area or perimeter and reinterpret the result in a quantum-mechanical language of nanostructures. As the main body of the talk, we present our recent attempts to prove the same property in relativistic quantum mechanics, where the mathematical model is a matrix-differential (Dirac) operator with complex (infinite-mass) boundary conditions. It is frustrating that such an illusively simple and expected result remains unproved and out of the reach of current mathematical tools.

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