Resurgence in Mathematics and Physics

Centre de Conférences Marilyn et James Simons (Le Bois-Marie)

Centre de Conférences Marilyn et James Simons

Le Bois-Marie

35, route de Chartres 91440 Bures-sur-Yvette

Resurgence in Mathematics and Physics

The aim of the conference is to facilitate an interaction between mathematicians and physicists interested in the phenomenon of resurgence, when apparently divergent series correspond to germs of analytic functions in sectors via Borel summation.

We hope that such interaction will bring new ideas in both subjects explaining e.g. analyticitity with respect to various perturbative parameters in physics, convergence of instanton corrections in symplectic topology,  the role of the wall-crossing formulas in resurgence, etc.

List of speakers:

         Jørgen E. Andersen (Centre for Quantum Geometry of Moduli Spaces, Aarhus University),
         Philip Boalch (CNRS & Université Paris-Sud Orsay),
         Olivia Dumitrescu (University Central Michigan)
         Gerald V. Dunne (University of Connecticut),
         Jean Écalle (Université Paris-Sud Orsay),
         Bertrand Eynard (IPhT CEA Saclay & IHES),
         Toshiaki Fujimori (Keio University),
         Stavros Garoufalidis (Max-Planck Institute for Mathematics),
         Sergei Gukov (Caltech Pasadena),
         Mikhail Kapranov (Kavli & IPMU),
         Maxim Kontsevich (IHES),
         Marcos Marino (University of Geneva),
         Takuro Mochizuki (RIMS & Kyoto University),
         Jean-Pierre Ramis (Université Paul Sabatier),
         David Sauzin (CNRS-IMCCS),
         Ricardo Schiappa (University of Lisbon),
         Carlos Simpson (Université Nice-Sophia-Antipolis),
         Yan Soibelman (Kansas State University)
         Mithat Ünsal (NC State University),
         André Voros (IPhT CEA Saclay),

Organising Committee:
     Maxim Kontsevich (IHES),
         Yan Soibelman (Kansas State University),


avec le soutien de la FMJH                                          

  • Alexander Odeskii
  • Alireza Behtash
  • Andreas Klein
  • Antons Pribitoks
  • Bernard Julia
  • Bikash Ranjan Dinda
  • Cihan Pazarbasi
  • Claude Baesens
  • Claudine Mitschi
  • Cyril Porée
  • Daniel Sternheimer
  • Elba Garcia-Failde
  • Emmanuel Pulcini
  • Enrico Russo
  • Federico Zerbini
  • Frédéric Fauvet
  • Frédéric Menous
  • Giuseppe Dito
  • Gourab Bhattacharya
  • Guillaume Tahar
  • Havva Hasret Nur
  • Irene Meng-Xi Ren
  • Javier Fresán
  • Jean Douçot
  • Julien Queva
  • Luc Pirio
  • Marc Bellon
  • Marco Robalo
  • Mauricio Garay
  • Maximilian Schwick
  • Motohico Mulase
  • Nikita Nikolaev
  • Olivier Bouillot
  • Paolo Gregori
  • Philip Glass
  • Pierre Charollois
  • Pierrick Bousseau
  • Ping Xu
  • Roberto Vega Álvarez
  • Salvatore Baldino
  • The Anh Ta
  • Vasily Sazonov
  • Victor Godet
  • Vincel Hoang Ngoc Minh
  • William Mistegård
  • Yong Li
  • Zhihao Duan
Contact: Elisabeth Jasserand
    • 9:30 AM
      Registration of the participants and welcome coffee
    • 1
      Resurgence’s Two Main Types and Their Signature Complications: Tessellation, Isography, Autarchy

      Quite specific challenges attend the move from equational resurgence (i.e. resurgence in a singular variable – the main type in frequency and importance) to coequational resurgence (i.e. resurgence in a singular parameter – a close second, roughly dual to the first) : complexity soars; two Bridge equations are required instead of one; the complex valued Stokes constants make way for discrete tessellation coefficients; the acting alien algebra remains isomorphic to an algebra of ordinary differential operators, but these are now subject to isographic invariance (meaning that they annihilate some specific differential two-form); and lastly, the new resurgence coefficients possess the paradoxical property of autarchy, combining sectorial resurgence with global entireness. We shall attempt a comprehensive, up-to-date survey of the field, with emphasis on the rather unexpected and quite novel structures spawned by these two regimes of resurgence (a beefed-up version of the conference presentation shall be posted on our homepage).

      Speaker: Jean Écalle (Université Paris-Sud Orsay)
    • 11:00 AM
      Coffee break
    • 2
      Resurgence through Path Integrals

      I will review the approach to the resurgence phenomenon via integration over rapid decay cycles (Lefschetz thimbles) in path integrals.
      Examples include WKB asymptotics, heat kernels, WZW models and Chern-Simons theory.

      Speaker: Maxim Kontsevich (IHES)
    • 12:30 PM
    • 3
      Resurgence, Matrices and Strings

      I will review older work, and report on work in progress, concerning applications of resurgence and trans series within the realms of matrix models and minimal/topological strings.

      Speaker: Ricardo Schiappa (University of Lisbon)
    • 4
      Semi-classics, Mixed Anomalies and Resurgence in 2D QFT

      I will discuss new methods in QFTs which allows us to study the non-perturbative dynamics of (non-)supersymmetric theories. The main tools are mixed anomalies, semi-classical methods, resurgence and quantum distillation. As an application, I will describe the charge-$q$ Schwinger model and two-dimensional sigma models, such as $CP^{N-1}$ model compactified on cylinder. Using certain boundary conditions which guarantee persistence of mixed anomaly upon compactification reveals a large set of new saddle points, which play instrumental role in non-perturbative dynamics.

      Speaker: Mithat Ünsal (NC State University)
    • 4:15 PM
      Coffee break
    • 5
      Resurgence for Superconductors

      One of the most important non-perturbative effects in Nature is the energy gap of superconductors, which is exponentially small in the coupling constant. A natural question is whether this effect can be incorporated in the theory of resurgence. In this talk I will argue that this is the case. More precisely, I conjecture that the perturbative series for the ground state energy of a superconductor is factorially divergent, and its leading Borel singularity corresponds to the superconducting gap. In the case of the attractive Gaudin-Yang model (a superconductor in one dimension), I develop techniques that make it possible to calculate the exact perturbative series of the ground state energy up to very high order, providing a non-trivial test of this conjecture. For superconductors in three dimensions, evidence for this conjecture can be given by using diagrammatic methods. We also argue that the leading Borel singularity is of the renormalon type, associated to factorially divergent subdiagrams.

      Speaker: Marcos Mariño (University of Geneva)
    • 9:30 AM
      Welcome coffee
    • 6
      Resurgent Theta-functions: a Conjectured Gateway into Dimension D>1 Quantum Mechanics

      Resurgent analysis of the stationary Schrödinger equation (exact-WKB method) has remained exclusively confined to 1D systems due to its underlying linear-ODE techniques.
      Here, building on a solvable 2D case (a Selberg trace formula, as analyzed with P. Cartier), and on a Balian--Bloch abstract quantum framework in any dimension using complex orbits, we isolate a very special generalized-heat-trace function as best candidate to start some resurgent description of quantum mechanics in general dimension.
      The latter statement is still quite embryonic and speculative - our main hope is to encourage future research.

      Speaker: André Voros (IPhT - CEA Saclay - CNRS)
    • 11:00 AM
      Coffee break
    • 7
      Wall-crossing Formulas and Resurgence

      In the joint paper with M. Kontsevich (arXiv:0811.2435) among other things we introduced the notion of stability data on graded Lie algebras, upgraded later to the notion of wall-crossing structure in arXiv:1303.3253.
      Both notions turned out to be suitable for spelling out wall-crossing formulas in various circumstances, in particular in Donaldson-Thomas theory of 3-dimensional Calabi-Yau categories as well as supersymmetric gauge theories in dimensions two and four.
      Few years ago, we wrote a paper (yet unpublished) devoted to applications of that to algebraic, analytic and resurgent properties of series arising in wall-crossing formulas.
      Aim of the talk is to discuss some of these ideas.

      Speaker: Yan Soibelman (Kansas State University)
    • 12:30 PM
    • 8
      Considerations about Resurgence Properties of Topological Recursion

      To a spectral curve $S$ (e.g. a plane curve with some extra structure), topological recursion associates a sequence of invariants: some numbers $F_g(S)$ and some $n$-forms $W_{g,n}(S)$. First we show that $F_g(S)$ grow at most factorially at large $g$, $F_g = O((\beta g)! r^{-g})$ with $r>0$ and $\beta\leq 5$. This implies that there is a Borel transform of $\sum_g \hbar^{2g-2} F_g$ that is analytic in a disk of radius $r$. The question is whether this is a resurgent series or not? We give arguments for this, and conjecture what are the singularities of the Borel transform, and we show how it works on a number of examples.

      Speaker: Bertrand Eynard (IPhT - CEA - CRM Montreal - IHES)
    • 9
      Geometric Recursion with a View Towards Resurgence

      We shall review the geometric recursion and its relation to topological recursion. In particular, we shall consider the target theory of continuous functions on Teichmüller spaces and we shall exhibit a number of classes of mapping class group invariant functions, which satisfies the geometric recursion. Many of these classes of functions are integrable over moduli spaces and we prove that there averages over moduli spaces satisfies topological recursion. The talk will end with a discussion of possible resurgence perspectives. The construction of geometric recursion and the results relating it to topological recursion is joint work with Borot and Orantin.

      Speaker: Jørgen E. Andersen (Aarhus University)
    • 4:15 PM
      Coffee break
    • 10
      On the Resurgent WKB Analysis

      I'll report on a work in progress with F. Fauvet (Strasbourg University) and R. Schiappa (IST Lisbon) about the WKB formal expansions solutions to the 1D stationary Schrödinger equation with polynomial coefficients. Our emphasis is on the coequational resurgent structure, in the sense of J. Écalle, which is a way of using the singularity structure in the Borel plane to access the connection formulae for the WKB solutions and the Voros data.

      Speaker: David Sauzin (CNRS - IMCCE - Paris Observatory - PSL University)
    • 9:30 AM
      Welcome coffee
    • 11
      Resurgence, Topology and Modularity
      Speaker: Sergei Gukov (Caltech Pasadena)
    • 11:00 AM
      Coffee break
    • 12
      Arithmetic Resurgence of Quantum Invariants

      I will explain some conjectures concerning arithmetic resurgence of quantum knot and 3-manifold invariants formulated in an earlier work of mine in 2008, as well as numerical tests of those conjectures and their relations to quantum modular forms, state integrals and their q-series. Joint work (in parts) with R. Kashaev and D. Zagier.

      Speaker: Stavros Garoufalidis (Max-Planck Institute for Mathematics)
    • 12:30 PM
    • 13
      Topology of the Stokes Phenomenon
      Speaker: Philip Boalch (CNRS - Université Paris-Sud)
    • 14
      Non-abelian Hodge Theory for Monopoles with Periodicity

      Recently, we obtained equivalences between monopoles with periodicity and difference modules of various types, i.e., periodic monopoles and difference modules, doubly periodic monopoles and $q$-difference modules, and triply periodic monopoles and difference modules on elliptic curves.
      In this talk, we shall give a review on the equivalences. If possible, we would like to discuss some deeper aspects of the correspondences from non-abelian Hodge theoretic viewpoints.

      Speaker: Takuro Mochizuki (RIMS - Kyoto University)
    • 4:15 PM
      Coffee break
    • 15
      The Mano Decompositions and the Space of Monodromy Data of the $q$-Painlevé V I Equation

      The talk is based upon a joint work with Y. OHYAMA and J. SAULOY. Classically the space of Monodromy data (or character variety) of PV I (the sixth Painlevé differential equation) is the space of linear representations of the fundamental group of a 4-punctured sphere up to equivalence of representations. If one fixes the local representation data it “is” a cubic surface. We will describe a $q$-analog: the space of $q$-Monodromy data of the $q$-Painlevé V I equation. For the $q$-analogs of the Painlevé equations (which are non-linear $q$-difference equations), according to H. SAKAI work, “everything” is well known on the “left side” of the ($q$-analog of the) Riemann-Hilbert map (the varieties of “initial conditions”), but the “right side” (the $q$-analogs of the spaces of Monodromy data or character varieties) remained quite mysterious.
      We will present a complete description of the space of Monodromy data of $q$−PV I (some local data being fixed). It is a “modification” of an elliptic surface and we will explicit some “natural” parametrizations. This surface is analytically, but not algebraically isomorphic to the Sakai surface of ”initial conditions”. Our description uses a new tool, the Mano decompositions, which are a $q$-analog of the classical pants decompositions of surfaces. We conjecture that our constructions can be extended to the others $q$-Painlevé equations. This involves $q$-Stokes phenomena.

      Speaker: Jean-Pierre Ramis (Université Paul Sabatier)
    • 9:30 AM
      Welcome coffee
    • 16
      Resurgence and Phase Transitions
      Speaker: Gerald V. Dunne (University of Connecticut)
    • 11:00 AM
      Coffee break
    • 17
      On the Laplace Transform of the Monodromy as a Function of the Pertubation Parameter in WKB-Voros Resurgence

      We consider the Voros resurgence or WKB problem of monodromy for a family of connections of the form $\nabla + t.\Phi$, and look at the transport along a path as a function of $t$. Taking the Laplace transform, we discuss the analytic continuation properties leading to asymptotic estimates for the monodromy as $t \to \infty$. If time permits we'll discuss possible relations with spectral networks and harmonic mappings to buildings.

      Speaker: Carlos Simpson (Université Nice-Sophia-Antipolis)
    • 12:30 PM
    • 18
      Lagrangian Fibration of the de Rham Moduli Space and Gaiotto Correspondence

      There have been new developments in understanding Lagrangian fibrations of the de Rham moduli space in connection to Lagrangian stratifications of the Dolbeault moduli space through biholomorphic isomorphisms of the Lagrangian fibers. I will report recent results by different groups of authors.

      Speaker: Olivia Dumitrescu (University Central Michigan)
    • 19
      Bion Saddle Points and Resurgence in $CP^N$ Model

      Perturbation series in quantum field theory are generically divergent asymptotic series. Resurgence theory relates such perturbation series and non-perturbative effects which cannot be captured by the perturbative expansion. It has been shown that the so-called bion saddle points play an important role in resurgence theory in a certain class of quantum systems. In this talk, I will overview the recent studies on the bion saddle points in the $CP^{N −1}$ models based on the complexified path integral and the bion saddle points.

      Speaker: Toshiaki Fujimori (Keio University)
    • 4:15 PM
      Coffee break
    • 20
      Algebra of the Infrared and Perverse Schobers
      Speaker: Mikhail Kapranov (Kavli - IPMU)