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Long time behaviour of quantum and classical systems

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Monday, March 25, 202411:30 AM Welcome of participantsWelcome of participants11:30 AM - 12:00 PMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)12:00 PM LunchLunch12:00 PM - 2:00 PMRoom: Diapason2:00 PM Scattering for nonlinear Vlasov equations I - Daniel Han Kwan (Université de Nantes)Scattering for nonlinear Vlasov equations I
- Daniel Han Kwan (Université de Nantes)

2:00 PM - 4:00 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) The minicourse will be about the long-time behaviour of solutions to the Vlasov--Poisson or Vlasov--screened Poisson equations, set in the whole space. We will mostly try to review: (1) global existence and (modified) scattering for small initial data; (2) scattering in the screened case for initial data close to stable homogeneous equilibria. The approach we will follow for both problems is based on the study of the characteristics associated with Vlasov equations.4:00 PM Coffee breakCoffee break4:00 PM - 4:45 PMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)4:45 PM On the asymptotic analysis of the Einstein-Vlasov system - Jacques SmuleviciOn the asymptotic analysis of the Einstein-Vlasov system- Jacques Smulevici

4:45 PM - 5:45 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) The Einstein-Vlasov system is the natural generalization of the classical Vlasov-Poisson system in the context of the general theory of relativity. I will start by an introduction to the Einstein equations and relativistic (collisionless) kinetic theory. I will then present several results concerning the asymptotics and the global existence of small data solutions for the Einstein-Vlasov system with either massive or massless particules. -
Tuesday, March 26, 20249:30 AM Welcome coffeeWelcome coffee9:30 AM - 10:00 AMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)10:00 AM Scattering for nonlinear Vlasov equations II - Daniel Han KwanScattering for nonlinear Vlasov equations II
- Daniel Han Kwan

10:00 AM - 12:00 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) The minicourse will be about the long-time behaviour of solutions to the Vlasov--Poisson or Vlasov--screened Poisson equations, set in the whole space. We will mostly try to review: (1) global existence and (modified) scattering for small initial data; (2) scattering in the screened case for initial data close to stable homogeneous equilibria. The approach we will follow for both problems is based on the study of the characteristics associated with Vlasov equations.12:00 PM LunchLunch12:00 PM - 2:00 PMRoom: Diapason2:00 PM Scattering theory for NLS I - Nicola ViscigliaScattering theory for NLS I- Nicola Visciglia

2:00 PM - 4:00 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) We study the long time behaviour of solutions to NLS. We shall first show that for long-range nonlinearities the nonlinear solutions cannot behave as free waves for large times. Next we shall focus on the short range case and we shall describe several results proving that nonlinear solutions behave as free wave in a suitable sense. In particular we shall discuss the scattering theory in H^1 and in \Sigma spaces. We shall also present during the lectures some open problems.4:00 PM Coffee breakCoffee break4:00 PM - 4:45 PMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)4:45 PM Stability results for resonant Schrödinger equations on Diophantine tori - Nicolas CampsStability results for resonant Schrödinger equations on Diophantine tori- Nicolas Camps

4:45 PM - 5:45 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) This presentation is devoted to a stability result for cubic Schrödinger equations (NLS) on Diophantine tori. We prove that the majority of small solutions in high regularity Sobolev spaces do not exchange energy from low to high frequencies over very long time scales. We first provide context on the Birkhoff normal form approach in the study of the long-time dynamics of the solutions to Hamiltonian partial differential equations. Then, we present the induction on scales normal form which is at the heart of the proof. Throughout the iteration, we ensure appropriate non-resonance properties while modulating the frequencies (of the linearized system) with the amplitude of the Fourier coefficients of the initial data. Our main challenge is then to addressing very small divisor problems, and describing the set of admissible initial data. The results are based on a joint work with Joackim Bernier, and an ongoing joint work with Gigliola Staffilani. -
Wednesday, March 27, 20249:30 AM Welcome coffeeWelcome coffee9:30 AM - 10:00 AMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)10:00 AM Scattering theory for NLS II - Nicola ViscigliaScattering theory for NLS II
- Nicola Visciglia

10:00 AM - 12:00 PMRoom: Amphi Lebesgue (ground floor) We study the long time behaviour of solutions to NLS. We shall first show that for long-range nonlinearities the nonlinear solutions cannot behave as free waves for large times. Next we shall focus on the short range case and we shall describe several results proving that nonlinear solutions behave as free wave in a suitable sense. In particular we shall discuss the scattering theory in H^1 and in \Sigma spaces. We shall also present during the lectures some open problems.12:00 PM LunchLunch12:00 PM - 2:00 PMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)2:00 PM Large-time behavior for the Landau equation - Kléber CarrapatosoLarge-time behavior for the Landau equation- Kléber Carrapatoso

2:00 PM - 3:00 PMRoom: Amphi Lebesgue (ground floor) I will present recent results for the Landau equation that prove the converge of solutions to the unique Maxwellian equilibrium (with quantitative rates).3:00 PM Stability Analysis of Quantum Dissipative Systems - Simona Rota NodariStability Analysis of Quantum Dissipative Systems- Simona Rota Nodari

3:00 PM - 4:00 PMRoom: Amphi Lebesgue (ground floor) In this talk I will present the stability properties of plane wave solutions for a system describing quantum particles interacting with a complex environment. From a mathematical point of view, this amounts to studying a system of PDEs coupled in a non-local (in time and space) way, which complicates the analysis considerably compared to the usual nonlinear Schrödinger equations. The strategy adopted is based on the identification of suitable Hamiltonian structures and Lyapunov functionals. Work in collaboration with T. Goudon.4:00 PM Coffee breakCoffee break4:00 PM - 4:45 PMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)4:45 PM Focusing dynamics of 2D Bose gases in the instability regime - Charlotte DietzeFocusing dynamics of 2D Bose gases in the instability regime- Charlotte Dietze

4:45 PM - 5:45 PMRoom: Amphi Lebesgue (ground floor) We consider the dynamics of a 2D Bose gas with an interaction potential of the form $N^{2\beta-1}w(N^\beta\cdot)$ for $\beta\in (0,3/2)$. The interaction may be chosen to be negative and large, leading to the instability regime where the corresponding focusing cubic nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) may blow up in finite time. We show that to leading order, the $N$-body quantum dynamics can be effectively described by the NLS prior to the blow-up time. Moreover, we prove the validity of the Bogoliubov approximation, where the excitations from the condensate are captured in a norm approximation of the many-body dynamics. This is joint work with Lea Boßmann and Phan Thành Nam. -
Thursday, March 28, 20248:45 AM Semiclassical analysis of quantum scattering in the Yukawa interaction - Zied AmmariSemiclassical analysis of quantum scattering in the Yukawa interaction
- Zied Ammari

8:45 AM - 9:45 AMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) In this talk, I will consider the quantum scattering theory of a Yukawa particle field model in the semi-classical regime. The transition and diffusion amplitudes of such a model will be linked to those of the Schrödinger--Klein--Gordon equation. The phase space properties of asymptotic vacuum states will be highlighted and the concentration around the radiation-free solutions of the SKG equation will be established. I will also discuss the uniqueness of SKG energy minimizers as well as some open questions related to asymptotic completeness. This is a joint work with Marco Falconi and Marco Olivieri.9:45 AM Free time (PDE seminar) / coffee breakFree time (PDE seminar) / coffee break9:45 AM - 11:15 AMRoom: Amphi Lebesgue (ground floor)11:15 AM Scattering theory of classical particles - Jan DerenzinskiScattering theory of classical particles- Jan Derenzinski

11:15 AM - 12:15 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) I will speak about classical scattering theory, both 2-body and N-body. It is much less developed than its quantum counterpart. Nevertheless, it has some interesting constructions and results, which are later useful in the quantum theory. Therefore, apart from its independent interest, my talk can serve as an introduction to Christian Gerard's lectures on quantum N-body scattering.12:15 PM LunchLunch12:15 PM - 2:00 PMRoom: Diapason2:00 PM Scattering for the quantum $N$-body problem I - Christian GérardScattering for the quantum $N$-body problem I- Christian Gérard

2:00 PM - 4:00 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) We will review the scattering theory for the quantum $N$-body problem, focusing on asymptotic completeness. We will explain the methods developped in the eighties and nineties to tackle this problem, which led to a complete solution of the asymptotic completeness problem.4:00 PM Coffee breakCoffee break4:00 PM - 4:45 PMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)4:45 PM A many-body RAGE theorem - Jonas LampartA many-body RAGE theorem- Jonas Lampart

4:45 PM - 5:45 PMRoom: Room 16 (ground floor) The RAGE theorem is a general statement on the relation of spectrum and dynamics for self-adjoint operators. It states that the large-time dynamics converge, in a certain weak sense, to the projection of the initial condition onto the bound states of the generator. The contributions of the continuous spectrum disappear in this limit. The many-body version of the theorem, which is joint work with Mathieu Lewin, refines this statement in the case of N-body systems. In an appropriate sense, these systems converge for large times to a combination of bound states of systems with n=0,..,N particles. Including the decomposition into subsystems with strictly fewer particles resolves the contribution of the continuous spectrum on the N body generator, which is due to freely moving clusters of particles.8:30 PM Conference diner (Crêperie Bretone, 7 rue Joseph Sauveur)Conference diner (Crêperie Bretone, 7 rue Joseph Sauveur)8:30 PM - 11:30 PM -
Friday, March 29, 20249:00 AM Scattering for the quantum $N$-body problem II - Christian GérardScattering for the quantum $N$-body problem II
- Christian Gérard

9:00 AM - 11:00 AMRoom: Amphi Lebesgue (ground floor) We will review the scattering theory for the quantum $N$-body problem, focusing on asymptotic completeness. We will explain the methods developped in the eighties and nineties to tackle this problem, which led to a complete solution of the asymptotic completeness problem.11:00 AM Coffee breakCoffee break11:00 AM - 11:45 AMRoom: Cafeteria (ground floor)11:45 AM Some dynamical properties of the scattering operator for NLS - Rémi CarlesSome dynamical properties of the scattering operator for NLS- Rémi Carles

11:45 AM - 12:45 PMRoom: Amphi Lebesgue (ground floor) For the nonlinear Schrodinger equation with short range nonlinearity, the construction of this operator often implies sone analyticity properties of this operator, as we will explain in a first part. We will also show how, in the special case of the mass-critical nonlinearity, it is rather straightforward to construct final states, or initial data, for which the action of the scattering operator, or inverted wave operator, is explicit, consisting in the multiplication by an arbitrary complex number of modulus one.12:45 PM LunchLunch12:45 PM - 2:00 PMRoom: Diapason