1 March 2021 to 9 April 2021
Institut Henri Poincaré
Europe/Paris timezone

The Probability Distribution of Astrophysical Gravitational-Wave Background Fluctuations

Not scheduled
Amphitheater Darboux (Institut Henri Poincaré)

Amphitheater Darboux

Institut Henri Poincaré

11, Rue Pierre et Marie Curie 75005 Paris


The coalescence of compact binary stars is expected to produce a stochastic background of gravitational waves (GW) observable with future GW detectors. Such backgrounds are usually characterized by their power spectrum as a function of frequency. Here, we present a method to calculate the full 1-point distribution of strain fluctuations. We focus on time series data, but our approach generalizes to the frequency domain. We illustrate how this probability distribution can be evaluated numerically. In addition, we derive accurate analytical asymptotic expressions for the large strain tail, which demonstrate that it is dominated by the nearest source. As an application, we also calculate the distribution of strain fluctuations for the astrophysical GW background produced by binary mergers of compact stars in the Universe, and quantify the extent to which it deviates from a Gaussian distribution. Our approach could be useful for the spectral shape reconstruction of stochastic GW backgrounds.

Primary author


Prof. Vincent Desjacques (Technion - Israel Institute of Technology) Dr Robert Reischke (Bochum University) Prof. Hagai Perets (Technion - Israel Institute of Technology)

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