Secant v. Cactus
from
Tuesday, May 9, 2023 (9:00 AM)
to
Friday, May 12, 2023 (5:00 PM)
Monday, May 8, 2023
Tuesday, May 9, 2023
9:00 AM
Welcome
Welcome
9:00 AM  9:30 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
9:30 AM
Basics of border apolarity

Weronika Buczynska
(
University of Warsaw
)
Basics of border apolarity
Weronika Buczynska
(
University of Warsaw
)
9:30 AM  10:30 AM
Room: Salle Pellos 207, 1R2, 2nd floor
The aim of my talk is to introduce the border apolarity idea toegether with the tools necessary for its proof. I will recall the setting of border apolarity as it was done my joint paper with Jarek Buczynski. There we have formulated a version of apolarity lemma for a toric variety embedded via very ample line bundle and have proved it in the characteristic zero case. The main tool is to use the multigraded Hilbert scheme of ideals in the Cox ring of the variety X with fixed Hilbert function. In the context of calculating border rank the most interesting is the component containing ideals of the subsets of r points in general position in X. Finally, when there is a group action on X, and the point (tensor, polynomial) is a fixed point of this action, we get an even more useful version of the apolarity lemma. I will give some examples of how one can use the border apolarity theorem to calculate the border rank of a tensor or polynomial.
10:30 AM
Coffee break
Coffee break
10:30 AM  11:00 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
11:00 AM
Cactus rank and varieties

Jarek Buczynski
(
IMPAN Warsaw
)
Cactus rank and varieties
Jarek Buczynski
(
IMPAN Warsaw
)
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
Room: Salle Pellos 207, 1R2, 2nd floor
The cactus variety of a projective variety X is a version of the secant variety, where we take into account the linear spans of all finite subschemes of bounded length, not only the smooth ones or smoothable ones. I will discuss the definitions and basic properties of cactus rank and cactus varieties, with a particular focus on why they are relevant as an obstruction to study secant varieties. I will also explain the what is the Hilbert scheme of points and what we know about its components. Finally I will relate the components of the cactus variety (typically, one of these components would be the secant variety) to components of Hilbert scheme.
2:30 PM
Ideal enumeration for border apolarity

Austin Conner
(
Harvard Universty
)
Ideal enumeration for border apolarity
Austin Conner
(
Harvard Universty
)
2:30 PM  3:30 PM
Room: Salle Picard 129, 1R2, 1st floor
The first step in lower bounding the border rank of a tensor or polynomial with border apolarity is to enumerate all ideals contained in the annihilator with Hilbert series equal to the Hilbert series of an ideal of general points. The second step requires determining whether any such ideal may be deformed to an ideal of points. Typically, one simplifies these questions by asking if there are any such ideals which are additionally fixed under a given solvable group of symmetries of the tensor or polynomial. In this talk I discuss the challenges involved in the ideal enumeration step. At a high level, the ideals are enumerated multigraded component by component, but concrete questions arise. How should partially constructed ideals be represented? How are the symmetries of the tensor or polynomial handled? How do we proceed when the answer contains positive dimensional families? Furthermore, I anticipate the successful application of both steps of border apolarity will as much as possible interleave checks for deformability of partially built ideals into the early steps of enumeration. I hope this discussion will make clear the context in which tests for deformability will need to be applied.
3:30 PM
Coffee break
Coffee break
3:30 PM  4:00 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
4:00 PM
Counterexamples for the slice technique for cactus rank and border cactus rank

Filip Rupniewski
(
Universität Bern
)
Counterexamples for the slice technique for cactus rank and border cactus rank
Filip Rupniewski
(
Universität Bern
)
4:00 PM  5:00 PM
Room: Salle Picard 129, 1R2
The slice technique is a tool which let use to translate the question about rank (or border rank) of a tensor in to the analogue question about the subspace spanned by tensors of a smaller order. The technique works in the case of a rank and border rank, but not for cactus and border cactus rank. Gesmundo, Oneto and Ventura gave an example of a family of forms such that their simultaneous cactus rank cannot be read as the cactus rank of tensor living in a bigger space. With a help of Multigraded Cactus Apolarity Lemma we provide a simpler one. We also show the minimal example of a tensor $p$ in $C^N \otimes Sym^d(C^n)$ with a different border cactus rank than the border cactus rank of $p(C^N*)$.
Wednesday, May 10, 2023
9:30 AM
Algorithms for rank and cactus decomposition of polynomials 1

Daniel Taufer
(
KU Leuven
)
Algorithms for rank and cactus decomposition of polynomials 1
Daniel Taufer
(
KU Leuven
)
9:30 AM  10:30 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
In this talk and the next one we will revise the algorithm for polynomial decomposition originally proposed by BrachatComonMourrainTsidgaridas and we will show how we can improve it. Then we will see how certain modifications to the algorithm can lead to a cactus decomposition.
10:30 AM
Coffee break
Coffee break
10:30 AM  11:00 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
11:00 AM
Algorithms for rank and cactus decomposition of polynomials 2

Alessandra Bernardi
(
Universita di Trento
)
Algorithms for rank and cactus decomposition of polynomials 2
Alessandra Bernardi
(
Universita di Trento
)
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
2:30 PM
Rank algorithms, Hilbert functions and nonsaturated ideals

Fulvio Gesmundo
(
Saarland Universität
)
Rank algorithms, Hilbert functions and nonsaturated ideals
Fulvio Gesmundo
(
Saarland Universität
)
2:30 PM  3:30 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
Some of the classical tensor decomposition algorithms are based on the ability of solving particular zerodimensional polynomial system, defining the set of points of the decomposition. Generalized eigenvalue methods can be used for this task, and their complexity is controlled by the regularity of certain associated ideals, which are often nonsaturated. We determine these regularity values in a restricted range, drawing connections to classical problems in commutative algebra, such as the Minimal Resolution Conjecture and the Ideal Generation Conjecture. This is based on joint work with Leonie Kayser and Simon Telen.
3:30 PM
Coffee break
Coffee break
3:30 PM  4:00 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
4:00 PM
Border rank bounds for $GL_n$invariant tensors arising from spaces of matrices of constant rank

Derek Wu
(
Texas A&M University
)
Border rank bounds for $GL_n$invariant tensors arising from spaces of matrices of constant rank
Derek Wu
(
Texas A&M University
)
4:00 PM  5:00 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
One measure of the complexity of a tensor is its border rank. Finding the border rank of a tensor, or even bounding it, is a difficult problem that is currently an area of active research, as several problems in theoretical computer science come down to determining the border ranks of certain tensors. For a class of $GL(V)$invariant tensors lying in a $GL(V)$invariant space $V\otimes U\otimes W$, where $U$ and $W$ are $GL(V)$modules, we can take advantage of $GL(V)$invariance to find border rank bounds for these tensors. I discuss a special case where these tensors correspond to spaces of matrices of constant rank.
8:00 PM
Conference Dinner
Conference Dinner
8:00 PM  6:20 PM
Thursday, May 11, 2023
9:30 AM
Border apolarity 2

Weronika Buczynska
(
University of Warsaw
)
Border apolarity 2
Weronika Buczynska
(
University of Warsaw
)
9:30 AM  10:30 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
10:30 AM
Coffee break
Coffee break
10:30 AM  11:00 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
11:00 AM
Quot schemes and varieties of commuting matrices

Klemen Sivic
(
University of Ljubljana
)
Quot schemes and varieties of commuting matrices
Klemen Sivic
(
University of Ljubljana
)
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
Let $C_n(M_d)$ denote the affine variety of all $n$tuples of commuting $d\times d$ matrices. The ADHM construction relates these varieties to Quot schemes, and in particular to Hilbert schemes. On the more applied side, varieties $C_n(M_d)$ are directly connected to the question whether a tensor has minimal border rank. Although $C_n(M_d)$ is usually reducible for $n>2$ and $d>3$, very few irreducible components are known. In the talk we classify irreducible components for small $d$ and all $n$. Moreover, we show that $C_n(M_d)$, viewed as a scheme defined by the quadratic commutativity relations, has generically nonreduced components whenever $d\ge 8$ and $n\ge 4$, while it is generically reduced for $d\le 7$. Our results give the corresponding results for Quot schemes of points. In particular, the Quot scheme parametrizing degree 8 quotients of a free module of rank 4 over polynomial ring in 4 variables has a generically nonreduced component. This is joint work with Joachim Jelisiejew.
2:30 PM
Open Problems
Open Problems
2:30 PM  3:30 PM
Room: Salle Pellos 207, 1R2, 2nd floor
3:30 PM
Coffee break
Coffee break
3:30 PM  4:00 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
4:00 PM
On the minimal cactus rank

Macej Galazka
(
University of Warsaw
)
On the minimal cactus rank
Macej Galazka
(
University of Warsaw
)
4:00 PM  5:00 PM
Room: Salle Pellos 207, 1R2, 2nd floor
I will present the study of minimal cactus rank with respect to Veronese variety, Segre variety, and SegreVeronese variety using an approach complementary to the one taken by Blaeser and Lysikov, and Jelisiejew, Pal, and Landsberg. I will analyze the case of 14th cactus variety in more detail.
Friday, May 12, 2023
9:30 AM
Irreducibility of multigraded Hilbert schemes of points in general position in the product of projective spaces

Tomasz Mandziuk
(
University of Warsaw
)
Irreducibility of multigraded Hilbert schemes of points in general position in the product of projective spaces
Tomasz Mandziuk
(
University of Warsaw
)
9:30 AM  10:30 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
I will present some necessary conditions for a point of a multigraded Hilbert scheme corresponding to r points in general position in a smooth projective complex toric variaty to be in the Slip component. These criteria can be used to classify irreducible multigraded Hilbert schemes corresponding to points in general position in the product of projective spaces.
10:30 AM
Coffee break
Coffee break
10:30 AM  11:00 AM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
11:00 AM
Ranks of powers of quadrics

Cosimo Flavi
(
Universita di Firenze
)
Ranks of powers of quadrics
Cosimo Flavi
(
Universita di Firenze
)
11:00 AM  12:00 PM
Room: Building 1R3, Amphitheater Schwartz
Determining the rank of the powers of quadratic forms is a classical problem. Many examples of special decompositions appear in the literature. We analyze this problem from a modern point of view and we give an estimate of the value of the rank. Moreover, we determine its smoothable rank and its border rank.
2:30 PM
Tensors of minimal border rank

J.M. Landsberg
Tensors of minimal border rank
J.M. Landsberg
2:30 PM  3:30 PM
Room: Salle Pellos 207, 1R2, 2nd fllor
4:00 PM
Cactus rank and varieties 2

Jarek Buczynski
(
IMPAN Warsaw
)
Cactus rank and varieties 2
Jarek Buczynski
(
IMPAN Warsaw
)
4:00 PM  5:00 PM
Room: Salle Pellos 207, 1R2, 2nd floor