1 March 2021 to 9 April 2021
Institut Henri Poincaré
Europe/Paris timezone

Cosmology with low-redshift observations: No signal for new physics

Not scheduled
Amphitheater Darboux (Institut Henri Poincaré)

Amphitheater Darboux

Institut Henri Poincaré

11, Rue Pierre et Marie Curie 75005 Paris


We analyse various low-redshift cosmological data from Type-Ia Supernova, Baryon Acoustic Oscillations, Time-Delay measurements using Strong-Lensing, $H(z)$ measurements using Cosmic Chronometers and growth measurements from large scale structure observations for $\Lambda$CDM and some different dark energy models. By calculating the Bayesian Evidence for different dark energy models, we find out that the $\Lambda$CDM still gives the best fit to the data with $H_{0}=70.3^{+1.36}_{-1.35}$ Km/s/Mpc (at $1\sigma$). This value is in $2\sigma$ or less tension with various low and high redshift measurements for $H_{0}$ including SH0ES, Planck-2018 and the recent results from H0LiCOW-XIII. The derived constraint on $S_{8}=\sigma_{8}\sqrt{{\Omega_{m0}}/{0.3}}$ from our analysis is $S_{8} = 0.76^{+0.03}_{-0.03}$, fully consistent with direct measurement of $S_{8}$ by KiDS+VIKING-450+DES1 survey. We hence conclude that the $\Lambda$CDM model with parameter constraints obtained in this work is consistent with different early and late Universe observations within $2\sigma$. We therefore, do not find any compelling reason to go beyond concordance $\Lambda$CDM model.

Primary authors

Prof. Koushik Koushik Dutta (Saha Institute of National Physics, Kolkata) Dr Anirban Roy (Cornell University) Dr Ruchika Ruchika (IIT Bombay) Prof. Anjan Ananda Sen (Jamia Millia Islamia) Prof. Shahin Sheikh Jabbari (ICTP)

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