Séminaire Géométries ICJ

Conjecture for analytic sub-Riemannian structures in dimension 3.

by Andre ricardo Belotto Da Silva


Given a totally nonholonomic distribution of rank two $\Delta$ on a three-dimensional manifold $M$, it is natural to investigate the size of the set of points $\mathcal{X}^x$ that can be reached by singular horizontal paths starting from a same point $x \in M$. In this setting, the Sard conjecture states that $\mathcal{X}^x$ should be a subset of the so-called Martinet surface of 2-dimensional Hausdorff measure zero.

I will present a recent work in collaboration with A. Figalli, L. Rifford and A. Parusinski, where we show that the (strong version of the) conjecture holds in the analytic category in dimension 3. Our methods rely on resolution of singularities of surfaces, foliations and metrics; regularity analysis of Poincare transition maps; and on a symplectic argument.