Statistique - Probabilités - Optimisation et Contrôle

Robust shape inference from a sparse approximation of the Gaussian trimmed loglikelihood.

by Mrs Claire Brécheteau

318 (IMB)




Given a noisy sample of points lying around some shape M, with possibly outliers or clutter noise, we focus on the question of recovering M, or at least geometric and topological information about M. Often, such inference is based on the sublevel sets of distance-like functions such as the function distance to M, the distance-to-measure (DTM) [2] or the k-witnessed distance [4]. In this talk, we firstly widespread the concept of trimmed log-likelihood to probability distributions. This trimmed log-likelihood can be considered as a generalisation of the DTM.
A sparse approximation of the DTM, the m-power distance-to-measure (m-PDTM), has been introduced and studied by Brécheteau and Levrard in 2017 [1]. Its sublevel sets are unions of m balls, with m possibly much smaller than the sample size. By miming the construction of the m-PDTM from the DTM, we propose an approximation of the trimmed log-likelihood associated to the family of Gaussian distributions on Rd. This approximation is sparse is the sense that its sublevel sets are unions of m ellipsoids.
We provide a Lloyd-type algorithm to compute the centers and covariance matrices associated to the ellipsoids. We improve our algorithm by allowing an additional noise parameter to wipe out some points, just as the trimmed m-means algorithm of Cuesta-Albertos et al. [3]. Our algorithm comes together with a heuristic to select this parameter. Some illustrations on different examples enhance that our algorithm is efficient in wiping out clutter noise, recovering the shape and recovering the homology of M; this requiring a storage of only m points and covariance matrices.

[1] Brécheteau, Claire and Levrard, Clément, The k-PDTM : a coreset for robust geometric inference, preprint, 2017.
[2] Frédéric Chazal, David Cohen-Steiner and Quentin Mérigot, Geometric Inference for Probability Measures, Foundations of Computational Mathematics, 2011.
[3] Cuesta-Albertos, Juan. A. and Gordaliza, Alfonso and Matran, Carlos, Trimmed k-means: an attempt to robustify quantizers, The Annals of Statistics, 1997.
[4] Guibas, Leonidas J. and Mérigot, Quentin and Morozov, Dmitriy, Witnessed K-distance, SoCG '11, 2011.