Quadratic algebras, Yang-Baxter equation, and Artin-Schelter regularity
(IMI, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, American Univ. in Bulgaria & IHÉS)
Amphithéâtre Léon Motchane (IHES)
Amphithéâtre Léon Motchane
Le Bois Marie
35, route de Chartres
We study two classes of n-generated quadratic algebras over a field K. The first is the class Cn of all n-generated PBW algebras with polynomial growth and finite global dimension. We show that a PBW algebra A is in Cniff its Hilbert series is HA(z) = 1/(1-z)n. Furthermore each class Cn contains a unique (up to isomorphism) monomial algebra A = K ‹ x1, … , xn › / (xj xi | 1 ≤£ i < j £ n). The second is the class of n-generated quantum binomial algebras A, where the defining relations are nondegenerate square-free binomials xy - cxy zt, with nonzero coefficients cxy. Our main result shows that the following conditions are equivalent: (i) A is a Yang-Baxter algebra, that is the set of quadratic relations R defines canonically a solution of the Yang-Baxter equation. (ii) A is an Artin-Schelter regular PBW algebra. (iii) A is a PBW algebra with polynomial growth. (iv) A is a binomial skew polynomial ring. (v) The Koszul dual A! is a quantum Grassmann algebra.