Mathématique-Physique
# Yu Hamada: Knotted comic strings in particle physics models

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Europe/Paris

Salle 318 (IMB)
### Salle 318

#### IMB

Description

Cosmic strings (or vortex strings) are topological defects arising when U(1) symmetry is spontaneously broken in quantum field theories. In three-dimensional relativistic systems, loops of cosmic strings are known to be unstable because of their trivial topological charges. In this talk, I will show that a new stable solution of classical EOMs exists in the form of a knot (or link) consisting of two kinds of cosmic string loops. The key mechanism is the Chern-Simons coupling between the "axion" and gauge field, which gives electric charges to the knot.